Latin Verb Paradigm

Here is a comprehensive Latin verb paradigm chart, given in the I-IV conjugations. There are a few adjustments still needed for the chart (I may not have it color-coded for much longer). So if you see any errors with the content, please let me know:

  •  Update: for the latest click on the Latin Page in the side menu.
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Greek ring of Thrace

In my previous post I mentioned the discovery of various archaeological finds in Bulgaria this past weekend. The ring itself has a clear inscription in Greek. It may have been used as an official stamp, since, from what I can read, the letters are depicted in reverse. The inscription reads: ΤΗΡΗΤΟΣ ΣΗΥΣΑ (Τηρητος Σηυσα). Click on the image for a larger view.

Ancient Mask of Thrace found

Yahoo news reports that an ancient mask of Thrace, among other finds, has been discovered over the weekend. The finds come from Bulgaria.  Here’s the scoop:

SOFIA, Bulgaria – A 2,400-year-old golden mask that once belonged to a Thracian king was unearthed in a timber-lined tomb in southeastern Bulgaria, archaeologists said Monday.

The mask, discovered over the weekend, was found in the tomb along with a solid gold ring engraved with a Greek inscription and the portrait of a bearded man.

“These finds confirm the assumption that they are part of the lavish burial of a Thracian king,” said Margarita Tacheva, a professor who was on the dig near the village of Topolchane, 180 miles east of the capital, Sofia.

Georgi Kitov, the team leader, said that they also found a silver rhyton, silver and bronze vessels, pottery and funerary gifts.

“The artifacts belonged to a Thracian ruler from the end of the 4th century B.C. who was buried here,” Kitov added.

According to Kitov, the Thracian civilization was at least equal in terms of development to the ancient Greek one.

The Thracians lived in what is now Bulgaria and parts of modern Greece, Romania, Macedonia, and Turkey between 4,000 B.C. and the 8th century A.D., when they were assimilated by the invading Slavs.

In 2004, another 2,400-year-old golden mask was unearthed from a Thracian tomb in the same area.

Dozens of Thracian mounds are spread throughout central Bulgaria, which archaeologists have dubbed “the Bulgarian valley of kings” in reference to the Valley of the Kings near Luxor, Egypt, home to the tombs of Egyptian Pharaohs.

Grief is the sister of joy

Working through an introduction grammar for Classical Greek, I recently was translating an excerpt (adapted) from Aesop’s Fable 13, in which I translated:

οἱ θεοὶ τοῖς ἀνθρωποις χαρὰς πέμπουσιν, ἀλλὰ καὶ λύπας. ἡ λύπη ἀδελφὴ τῆς χαρᾶς ἐστιν.

The gods send delights (or, joy) for the men, but also grief. Grief is the sister of joy.